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Sunday, December 25, 2011

Moen-jo-Daro (Summary)

Sunday, December 25, 2011 - 14 Comments

Moen-jo-Daro is one of the oldest cities of world. It’s ruins are about 4500 years old. Moen-jo-Daro is situated on the right bank of river Indus and about 27 kilometers far from Larkana. It was discovered in 1922 by an English archaeologist Sir John Marshal.
Once it was a large busy city. The city was well planned and clean. The houses were made of backed bricks. Each house had a bath room and servant quarters close by. There were covered drains beside the streets. Streets were made of backed bricks. There was straight road in the middle of city having shops on both sides. There was a public pond and a big storing hall also.
The people were good cultivators and craftsmen. They grew wheat, rice, cotton etc. They also kept cattle. Craftsmen were very skilled. They worked in gold, silver, ivory and other metals. They made toys for children to play with. They wore long and loose dresses.
There is museum near the ruins of Moen-jo-Daro. Objects found from Moen-jo-Daro have been kept there on exhibition. They include seals, jewellery toys, weapons and painted pottery. Best find of Moen-jo-Daro is the head of bull. The metal statue of dancing girl is also a best find.

Shab Abdul Latif Bhittai (Summary)

Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai, the great saint, poet and philosopher was born in 1689 in small village “Hala Haveli” District Hyderabad. He was son of Syed Habib Shah. Shah Latif’s ancestors migrated from Hirat to Sindh during the days of Tamer Lane and made it their home.
Shah Latif started composing poetry when he was only a boy. He was very fond of learning. He married a nice lady with whom he lived for many years. He showed kindness to her. After the death of his father he went to live on Bhit. There he prayed to God with much devotion.
Shah Latif composed his poetry in language of common people. He was also a great musician. He simplified the music of his time. He invented simple musical instrument “Tambooro” which is even now popular all over Sindh.
Shah Latif died in 1752 A.D at Bhit Shah. Famous king of Sindh Ghulam Shah Kalhoro built a shrine over his grave. Shah Latif’s Urs is held at shrine on 14th Safar every year. People come from all over Pakistan to offer their gratitude.
Shah’s message is the message of love and brotherhood. He believed in equality of men and pleasing God by good deeds. According to him it was goal of life.

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