Hazrat Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) was born in 571 A.D at Holy cit of Makkah. He belonged to noble family of Quraish.Quraish were worshipers of idols. God chose Hazrat Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) as last of his prophet. He asked Quraish not to worship their false gods. He told them to worship only one and true God and accept the religion of Islam. But they opposed new faith. Due to there fierce opposition Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) asked the believers to migrate to Madina. In 622 migration took place and is known in history as “Hijra”.
In Madina Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) established Islamic society based on universal brotherhood. In the 10th year of Hijra Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) along with his followers performed last Hajj. There he addressed a very large gathering. This address is known as Last Sermon of Holy Prophet.
In last address, the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) told that all men and women were equal in the eyes of God. No Arab was better than non-Arab. A white man was not in any way better than a black man. Only qualities of a person made him better than others. He further said all men and women are children of Adam. The Adam was created from dust.
In the end Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) said that he was leaving to them the Holy Book of God the Quran. If believers acted upon it’s teaching, they will ever remain great and successful.