Thursday, July 1, 2010
The Gulf War and Bush’s Formulation
The Malta Conference on 2-3 December 1989 reinvigorated discussion of the new world order. Various new concepts arose in the press as elements of the new order. Commentators expected the replacement of containment with superpower cooperation. This cooperation might then tackle problems such as reducing armaments and troop deployments, settling regional disputes, stimulating economic growth, lessening East-West trade restrictions, the inclusion of the Soviets in international economic institutions, and protecting the environment. Pursuant to superpower cooperation, a new role for NATO was forecast, with the organization perhaps changing into a forum for negotiation and treaty verification, or even a wholesale dissolution of NATO and the Warsaw Pact following the resurrection of the four-power framework from WWII (i.e. the US United Kingdom, France, and Russia). However, continued
The phrase “new world order” was first explicitly used in connection with Woodrow Wilson’s designs in the period just after World War I, during the formation of the
Roosevelt and Churchill during the meeting that would result in the Atlantic Charter, precursor the Bretton Woods system.