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Thursday, June 3, 2010

OIC its Present Structure and its Historical Goals

Thursday, June 3, 2010 - 0 Comments

The Organization of the Islamic Conference located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia is an inter-governmental organization with a Permanent Delegation to the United Nations. It groups 57 nations, most of which are Islamic, in the Middle East, North, West and Southern Africa, Central Asia, Europe, Southeast, Asia, the Indian subcontinent and South America. It is the second largest international organization after the United Nations. The official languages of the organization are Arabic, English and French.

History and Goals

The primary goals of the OIC are, according to its Status, “to promote solidarity among all Islamic member states. The OIC was set up in rabat, Morocco, on September 25, 1969 in reaction to an arson attack against the Al-Aqsa Mosque on August 21, 1969. It is the second largest international organization after the United Nations. The flag of the OIC (shown above) has an overall green background (symbolic of Islam). In the center, there is an upward-facing red crescent enveloped in a white disc. On the disc the words “Allahu Akbar” are written in modern Arabic calligraphy. In 1982, the foreign ministers of the OIC adopted the controversial plan to Immigrate, Populate, Dominate to serve as a guidance for the member states in the matters of world domination and the Islamic presence in other non-Muslim countries. On August 5, 1990, 45 foreign ministers of the OIC adopted the controversial Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam to serve as a guidance for the member states in the maters of human rights.

Recent Issues

The Parliamentary Union of the OIC member states (PUOIC) was established in Iran in 1999 and its head office is situated in Tehran. Only OIC members are entitled to membership in the union. President Bush announced on June 27 2007 that the United States will establish an envoy to the OIC. Bush said of the envoy. Our special envoy will listen to and learn from representatives from Muslim states, and will share with them America’s views and values.

Basic Cause of Attack on Iraq

The issue of Iraq’s disarmament reached a crisis in 2002-2003, when President of the United States George W. Bush demanded a complete end to alleged Iraqi production and use of weapons of mass destruction and that Iraq comply with UN Resolutions requiring UN inspectors unfettered access to areas those inspectors thought might have weapons, production facilities. Iraq had been banned by the United Nations from developing or possessing such weapons since the 1991 Gulf War. It was also required to permit inspections to confirm Iraqi compliance. Bush repeatedly backed demands for unfettered inspection and disarmament with threats of invasion. In accordance with United Nations Security Council Resolution 1284 (enacted 17 December 1999), Iraq reluctantly agreed to new inspections in late 2002. The inspectors didn’t find any WMD stockpiles, but they did not view Iraqi declarations as credible either.

In the initial stages of the war on terror, the Central Intelligence Agency, under George Tenet, was rising to prominence as the lead agency in the Afghanistan war. But when Tenet insisted in his personal meetings with President Bush that there was no connection between Al-Qaeda and Iraq VP Dick Cheney and Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld initated a secret program to re-examine the evidence and marginalize the CIA and Tenet. The questionable intelligence acquired by this secret program was “stovepiped” to the Vice President and presented to the public. In some cases, Cheney’s office would leak the intelligence to reporters, where it would be reported by outlets such as The New York Times.

Justification of US Intervention in Iraq against Saddam Hussein.

The Iraq War, also known as the Occupation of Iraq, the Second Gulf War, or in the US Operation Iraqi Freedom, is an ongoing conflict which began on March 20, 2003 with the United States-led invasion of Iraq.

The main rationale for the Iraq War offered by US President George W. Bush, former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Tony Blair, and their domestic and foreign supporters was that Iraq was developing weapons of mass destruction. These weapons, it was argued, posed a threat to the United States, its allies and interests. In the 2003 State of the Union Address, Bush claimed that the US could not wait until the threat from Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein became imminent. After the invasion, however, no evidence was found of such weapons. Some US officials cited claims of a connection between Saddam Hussein and al-Qaeda. No evidence of any substantial al-Qaeda connection has been found.

The war began on March 20, 2003, when a largely British and American force supported by small contingents from Australia, Denmark and Poland invaded Iraq. The invasion soon led to the defeat and flight of Saddam Hussein. The US led coalition occupied Iraq and attempted to establish a new democratic government; however it failed to restore order in Iraq. The unrest led to asymmetric warfare with the Iraqi insurgency, civil war between many Sunni and Shia Iraqis and al-Qaeda operations in Iraq. As a result of this failure to restore order, a growing number of coalition nations have withdrawn troops from Iraq. The causes and consequences of the war remain controversial.

Approximately nine months after the September 11, 2001 attacks, the United States initiated Operation Southern Focus as a change to its response strategy, by increasing the overall number of missions and selecting targets throughout the no-fly zones in order to disrupt the military command structure in Iraq. The weight of bombs dropped increased from none in March 2002 and 0.3 in April 2002 to between 8 and 14 tons per month in May-August, reaching a pre-war peak of 54.6 tons in September 2002.

The Original US justification for the Iraq War was the Iraq possessed weapons of mass destruction, and later that Saddam Hussein’s regime in Iraq was collaborating with the Al-Qaeda terrorist group. However, the intelligence on which both these claims were has been subject to criticism and to some extent discredited post-invasion, and the administration has also been accused of falsely representing the available intelligence to the republic. This has led many war opponents to consider the Iraq War as based on lies.

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