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Thursday, March 4, 2010

War

Thursday, March 4, 2010 - 1 Comment

War is a very old phenomenon of social disorganization. There is perhaps no period in human history, which has not witnessed a war. Both when the society was simple, as well as when its problems were complex and complicated, the wars were fought among the nations for one reason or the other. In our own times two great world wars have been fought and the clouds of third world war are hovering on our heads. One of the salient features of our modern wars is that it is destructive. If effective steps are not taken to wipe out wars, wars are sure to wipe out humanity.

Political Causes of Criminology (Short Note)

There are many political causes, which contribute in poverty. The policy of the government is not encouraging production and increasing discontentment among the workers by giving faulty defective labour laws, can be one such factor. Similarly the policy of government to give monopoly rights to the few and put vast majority of consumers at their disposal is another cause. Then is the failure of the government to provide proper education to the citizens so that after completing their education they can earn their livelihood. Government can also enact laws, which encourage exploitation. Similarly government can adopt wise economic policy, thereby providing employment to maximum number of people. It can also provide home science training and encourage small scale and cottage industries. In this way political causes can help a lot both in increasing unemployment and also in reducing poverty.

Above are some of the important causes for poverty of the people. As soon as all these or many of these causes combine together, the rate and ratio of poverty increases and vice versa happens in their absence. Today one of the serious problems with which our government is faced is to launch what against poverty. Today throughout the world it is realized that poverty is the standard of judging success or failure of all political institutions, organizations and governments. We may conclude it with the words of Gillin and Gillin when he says that, “We have also pointed out that the factors producing poverty and dependency are individual in capacity, partly due to heredity and partly to accidental causes, features of physical environment over which man has not yet obtained adequate control, to the mal-adjustment in our economic organization to meet adequate human needs, to defects in our social organization with respect to education, health, housing, improper preparation for family life”.

Social Causes of Criminology (Short Note)

Like economic causes, social causes too are responsible for the poverty of a nation. One such cause is evil customs and traditions due to which the people are forced to spend beyond their capacities. These customs and traditions are so deep rooted that even if few try to end them, they cannot do so without serious social disapproval of their action. Then another social cause is denial of opportunities for improving health. If the society cannot provide even medical facilities to enable a person to become a fit citizen, what more can it contribute in the eradication of poverty.

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