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Friday, October 16, 2009

The United Nations (Questions and Answers)

Friday, October 16, 2009 - 8 Comments

Q.1: When were the United Nations Organization founded and (briefly) what inspired its foundation?

Ans: The United Nations Organization was founded in April 1945. inspiration of its foundation was the desire of the people all over then world for peace because people all over the world were disgusted with miseries brought about by the second world war.

Q.2: How successful has the United Nations Organization been, so for in preventing local wars?

Ans: Preventing was is difficult. It is a part of high politics. The United Nations succeeded in a few cases in bringing peace where there was no peace. But in great many cases it has failed to prevent local wars.

Q.3: What part of the work of the United Nations appears, so far to have yielded the most promising results?

Ans: The work of the United Nations in solving social and economic problems has yielded the most promising results.

Q.4: What are the more important differences between the General Assembly and the Security Council?

Ans: The General Assembly consist of all members of the United Nations while the Security Council consists of fifteen members. Five of these are permanent members those are China, France, UK, Russia and the USA of the other ten three each year are elected by General Assembly for two year terms. The General Assembly elects its president for each session while Security Council works as its cabinet. The General Assembly members have no veto power while five permanent member of Security Council have veto power.

Q.5: What is the designation of the Chief Officer of the United Nations, for how long is he appointed and by whom is the appointed?

Ans: The designation of the Chief Officer of the United Nations is Secretary General. He is appointed for a period of five years and is elected by General Assembly with the approval of the Security Council.

Q.6: How large staffs are employed by the Secretariat and where does it work?

Ans: The UN Secretariat has staff of about 3500. They work at the head quarters of UN.

Q.7: What is the function of International Bank?

Ans: International Bank lends money to member nations for carrying though some work of public importance and usefulness.

Q.8: Who do the initials W H O stand for and what is the function of this organization?

Ans: The initials W H O stand for World Health Organization. W H O advises member countries on public health and on the control of diseases.

Q.9: What do the initials F A O stands for and what is the function of this organization?

Ans: The initials F A O stand for Food and Agriculture Organization. It advises member nations on the ways to enhance production in agriculture sector.

Q.10: What is the function of UNESCO?

Ans: The function of UNESCO is to advance education, science and culture in order to promote human welfare.

Q.11: Who do the initials of UNICEF stand for and what is the function of this organization?

Ans: The initials of UNICEF stand for United Nations International children’s Emergency Fund. It specializes in the relief of children.

Q.12: What were the conditions which obliged the people of the world to found U N O?

Ans: During second world war millions of people had been killed and wounded. The property worth of millions of pounds has been destroyed. Millions of people had been made homeless. Millions suffered from poverty, hunger and disease. That was the time when man wanted peace, good will and brother hood on the earth. These were the condition which obliged the people of the world to found U N O.

Brikenhead Drill (Questions and Answers)

Q.1: When and where did the Birkenhead sink?

Ans: The Birkenhead sank sixty four kilometres far from the coast of South African city of Cape town on February 25, 1951.

Q.2: What kind of people was being carried as passengers on the Brikenhead?

Ans: The Brikenhead was carrying soldiers and their families to South Africa. The soldiers were mostly young and in experienced.

Q.3: How did Brikenhead come to be wrecked? Were any members of crew to blame?

Ans: The Brikenhead ran into an under water rock and was wrecked on it. No member of crew was to blame for this disaster as the rock was not indicated on any map and none of them knew any thing about it.

Q.4: Why was there life boat accommodation for only 180 people after collision with toe rock?

Ans: Most of the life boats on the ship were damaged during the collision. Only three of them were left intact and they had capacity of sixty persons each. The total accommodation that came to 180 persons only.

Q.5: Was there enough room in the life boats for all the women and children on the board?

Ans: There was enough room in the life boats for all the women and children because they were 170 in all and there was capacity of 180 persons in life boats.

Q.6: What would probably have happened, had there been panic?

Ans: If there had been a panic, the women and children have been crushed under the feet of men in their bid to escape first.

Q.7: Describe the behaviour of the soldiers while the women and children escaped in the boats?

Ans: In the face of certain death of the soldiers showed an exemplary behaviour by maintaining full discipline, while the women and children escaped in the boats.

Q.8: Were many of men rescued who remained on the sinking ship? How did the survivors among those left on the ship manage to save themselves?

Ans: There were 630 persons on board out of these 170 were women and children. Thus the men numbered 460. Very few of them were picked up by the rescue ship. Only 24 men could be rescued.

Q.9: Describe one heroic action that took place after the Brikenhead went down?

Ans: The commander of the ship showed great heroism ever after the ship had sunk. He managed to cling to some piece of wreckage. But when he found that two young sailors were struggling for their life. He pushed the piece of wreckage towards them for the support. But when he found that it could not support all three of them, he let go his hold upon it and went down into sea.

Q.10: Were the troops on the board of the Brikenhead experienced and used to facing danger? How do we know that they behaved with gallantry and discipline up to very last?

Ans: The troops on the board of the Brikenhead were mostly young inexperienced. They were not used to facing danger. Nevertheless they were fully disciplined and behaved heroically. They faced certain death with perfect calmness. They sacrificed their lives in order to give weaker one a chance of life we have come to know their heroism through survivors.

Pakistan Zindabad (Questions and Answers)

Q.1: Who was the first Governor General of Pakistan?

Ans: Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was the first Governor General of Pakistan.

Q.2: Who was the last Viceroy of India?

Ans: Lord Mount batten was the last Viceroy of India.

Q.3: When and where was the “Pakistan Resolution” passed?

Ans: “Pakistan Resolution” was passed on 23rd March 1940 at Lahore.

Q.4: State briefly what the “Pakistan Resolution” decided?

Ans: “Pakistan Resolution” decided that India should be split into two nations Pakistan and India. It aimed at creating an independent Muslim state comprising those parts of the sub-continent, in which the Muslims were in majority.

Q.5: What were the provinces that voted to join Pakistan?

Ans: The provinces that voted to join Pakistan were Sindh, the North West Frontier Province, Balochistan, West Punjab, Sylhet and East Bengal.

Q.6: Why did Kashmir not join Pakistan?

Ans: Kashmir did not join Pakistan because its Hindu Ruler treacherously made over this Muslim state to India against the wishes of its inhabitants.

Q.7: How large was the population of Pakistan when it became independent?

Ans: When Pakistan became independent, its population was seventy million.

Q.8: How does Pakistan compare in size and population with the other nations of the world?

Ans: In the size of population Pakistan was the fifth largest nation of the world and biggest Muslim country of the world at the time of independence.

Q.9: Why does the writer apply word terrible to the first year of Pakistan’s history as an independent state?

Ans: The writer applies the word terrible to the first year of history of Pakistan as an independent state because of the large scale killing and destruction brought about by the partition. Half million Muslims were killed or taken prisoners. Six and half million had to leave India to seek refuge in the Pakistan from Indian atrocities.

Q.10: Where is the tomb of Quaid-e-Azam?

Ans: The tomb of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah is at Karachi in the heart of the city.

Q.11: Why and who call the congregation of Muslims leaguers in 1940 at Lahore “Pakistan Resolution”?

Ans: The Indian newspaper called the congregation of Muslim League in 1940 at Lahore “Pakistan Resolution”. Newspapers called it “Pakistan Resolution” because Choudhry Rahamt invented a word Pakistan for an Independent Muslim state in India. They thought that Muslim leagues Resolution for an independent state meant “Pakistan Resolution”.

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