Recent Articles

Monday, October 5, 2009

The United Nations (Summary)

Monday, October 5, 2009 - 1 Comment

Part I:

Second World War had brought lot of misery for the human race. The causalities ran into millions. Millions lost their properties. There was poverty, hunger and disease in every part of the world, People wanted peace, they wanted that world must become one in every respect. As the result of this wish the great and small nations of the world came closer in April 1945 and formed a world body named United Nations.

The UN acts as peace maker. It has succeeded only in certain cases but that is not cause of despair. UN is more successful in social and economic field. It is helping the under developed nations in their development projects and is trying to raise the standard of living of their people.

On the UN platform men and women of different parts of the world get together discuss their problems with experts, and they make improvement in their own countries.

Every year on October 24th UN day is celebrated all over the world. On that day people make pledge to work for the cause of International peace and brother hood.

Part II:

The UN consists of General Assembly, Security Council and the Secretariat which works under its Secretary General.

The General Assembly is the Chief Organ of UN and is made up of all the member countries, each nation can send five representatives, but has only one vote. At each sitting it elects its President.

The Security Council has fifteen members five of whom namely China, France, UK, Russia and USA are permanent members while other ten three each year are elected by General Assembly for two years terms. Five permanent members have veto power they can veto any decision taken by Security Council.

Secretary General is the Chief Executive officer of the UN. The General Assembly elects him for five years terms with the approved of Security Council. There is a staff of three thousand five hundred persons working under him. The Secretariat has much work to do they have to manage meetings, keep the record of sayings and doings. They under take scientific study of various urgent problems.

Part III:

The UN has several specialized agencies some of which are independent. Some important agencies of UN are as under.

The International Bank lends money to member nations for development projects.

UNICEF or the Children’s Fund specializes in the relief work for children.

WHO or World Health Organization helps member countries in health problems it helps to eradicate various diseases.

FAO or Food and Agriculture Organization advise member countries, on agriculture problems.

UNESCO tries to advance human well being through education, science and culture. It does this work by teaching experts from member nations to go about the job.

Brikenhead Drill (Summary)

More than hundred years ago in 1851 Brikenhead a troopship was carrying British soldier and their families to South Africa. It has six hundred and thirty persons on board. The number of women and children was one hundred seventy.

When it was Sixty four kilometre from Cap Town, South Africa, it ran into an under water rock. The vessel was split into two and the front half sank immediately. However all the person had managed to shift over to the other half. Though they knew that their death was near and the ship was about to sink and there were only three life boats which had capacity for one hundred eighty persons. The decision about the rescue operation had to be taken hurriedly. In order to avoid confusion the commander took the situation in his own hands and ordered the soldier together on the deck in drill formation and directed them that women and children must be saved first because they were numbering one hundred seventy and there was capacity of one hundred eighty in three boats. The soldiers obeyed the order of commander and maintained full discipline in the face of certain death. There was no panic, if there had been panic the women and children would have been crashed under the feet of man in their bid to escape first. As the boats sailed away the soldiers stood at attention as if they were at their daily drill.

When the remaining part of the ship sank all the men went down into water in drill position. A few of them however struggled to the surface. They held wreckage till they were picked up by a rescue ship. Commander was one of those who has got the hold of wreckage but he let it go to save two young men and he chose to die. In all four hundred thirty eight people died.

Since that day Brikenhead Drill has become symbol of great courage to face certain death calmly in order to save weak in face of danger.

Pakistan Zindabad (Summary)

Part I:

On August 7, 1947 the aeroplane of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah landed at Maripur Airport Karachi. He was welcomed by a large crowd of people with slogans of “Pakistan Zindabad”.

From Airport Quaid-e-Azam drove to the city through the great sea of people from all walks of life. They were anxious to have a brief look of their dear leader and chanting slogans of ‘Pakistan Zindabad’ but Quaid kept quite and showed no feeling. Perhaps his thoughts were with that large majority of people who were being killed on the way to their new homeland. Quaid was the man of very strong feeling but he rarely showed his real feelings to people. On the Independence Day he went to the balcony of Government House and smiled for a few moments at the cheering crowd. At that moment people saw that how warm hearted their leader was.

Although the great leader was tired but he was satisfied with his performance Muslims of sub-continent were a small defeated group but due to his able leadership they got freedom and became the fifth largest nation in the world. In a speech at the eve of creation of Pakistan he told people that no matter what their creed, cast or religion was, they were equal citizens of state of Pakistan.

Part II:

In March, 1940 Muslim League the representative party of the Muslims of India decided in Lahore that sub-continent should be divided into two sovereign countries. Due to that demand of Independent Muslim state, Pakistan came into being and resolution was called Pakistan Resolution. The word Pakistan was invented by Choudhry Rahmat Ali in 1993, he was student of Cambridge. He took letters of word Pakistan from the names of Muslim territories, such as Punjab. Afghanistan, (North West Frontier Province), Turkistan, Afghanistan and Balochistan. Pakistan means the land of the pure and clean.

The Quaid-e-Azam took his idea to the people. He toured every part of sub-continent and addressed large gatherings. He also, laid the foundation of English Newspaper ‘Dawn’. In this way he won over the majority of people for creation of Pakistan. Though he was beloved leader of Muslims but a few people were against him they were with Hindus and British secretly one of them Rafiq Sabir attacked him with knife. But he survived. Although his health was not in good condition but he continued his struggle for the achievement of his goal.

Gandhi and Quaid-e-Azam met for three week of talks in last effort to reach an agreement for United Independent India but their talks failed. Jinnah told Gandhi that India must be partitioned into two nations. When after the Second World War even further discussions bore no fruit. Britain declared that she would give self government to India and quit the scene. In 1947 Lord Mount batten was sent as last Viceroy. He agreed for the partition of India and agreed to leave this county by August 15, 1947. Both congress and Muslim League agreed to the plan. The N.W.F.P, Balochistan, Sindh, the West Punjab and the East Bengal voted for Pakistan, which has the population of seventy millions. Forty million Muslims were left in India. At last Pakistan and India came into being as two separate states.

Pakistan’s first year was terrible, half a million Indian Muslims were either killed or imprisoned. Six and half million people left their homes and took refuge in Pakistan due to Indian atrocities. Quaid-e-Azam was shocked at these happenings. Despite this he extended the hand of friendship towards India with view that enemy of today may be friend of tomorrow.

Now Quaid-e-Azam’s age was over seventy, he was ill and tired. The last year of his life was made sad by the fate of Kashmir the ‘K’ of Pakistan. Against the wish and will of the people pf Kashmir Maharaja was taking them away from Pakistan.

The great leader was for weak to fight more, he flew back Karachi but there were no crowds to great him. That night he left his people and was buried in the heart of the city where he was born.

© 2013 Notes for Pakistan. All rights reserved.
Designed by SpicyTricks