Monday, October 5, 2009
Second World War had brought lot of misery for the human race. The causalities ran into millions. Millions lost their properties. There was poverty, hunger and disease in every part of the world, People wanted peace, they wanted that world must become one in every respect. As the result of this wish the great and small nations of the world came closer in April 1945 and formed a world body named United Nations.
The UN acts as peace maker. It has succeeded only in certain cases but that is not cause of despair. UN is more successful in social and economic field. It is helping the under developed nations in their development projects and is trying to raise the standard of living of their people.
On the UN platform men and women of different parts of the world get together discuss their problems with experts, and they make improvement in their own countries.
Every year on October 24th UN day is celebrated all over the world. On that day people make pledge to work for the cause of International peace and brother hood.
The UN consists of General Assembly, Security Council and the Secretariat which works under its Secretary General.
The General Assembly is the Chief Organ of UN and is made up of all the member countries, each nation can send five representatives, but has only one vote. At each sitting it elects its President.
The Security Council has fifteen members five of whom namely
Secretary General is the Chief Executive officer of the UN. The General Assembly elects him for five years terms with the approved of Security Council. There is a staff of three thousand five hundred persons working under him. The Secretariat has much work to do they have to manage meetings, keep the record of sayings and doings. They under take scientific study of various urgent problems.
The UN has several specialized agencies some of which are independent. Some important agencies of UN are as under.
The International Bank lends money to member nations for development projects.
UNICEF or the Children’s Fund specializes in the relief work for children.
WHO or World Health Organization helps member countries in health problems it helps to eradicate various diseases.
FAO or Food and Agriculture Organization advise member countries, on agriculture problems.UNESCO tries to advance human well being through education, science and culture. It does this work by teaching experts from member nations to go about the job.
More than hundred years ago in 1851 Brikenhead a troopship was carrying British soldier and their families to
When it was Sixty four kilometre from
When the remaining part of the ship sank all the men went down into water in drill position. A few of them however struggled to the surface. They held wreckage till they were picked up by a rescue ship. Commander was one of those who has got the hold of wreckage but he let it go to save two young men and he chose to die. In all four hundred thirty eight people died.Since that day Brikenhead Drill has become symbol of great courage to face certain death calmly in order to save weak in face of danger.
From Airport Quaid-e-Azam drove to the city through the great sea of people from all walks of life. They were anxious to have a brief look of their dear leader and chanting slogans of ‘Pakistan Zindabad’ but Quaid kept quite and showed no feeling. Perhaps his thoughts were with that large majority of people who were being killed on the way to their new homeland. Quaid was the man of very strong feeling but he rarely showed his real feelings to people. On the Independence Day he went to the balcony of Government House and smiled for a few moments at the cheering crowd. At that moment people saw that how warm hearted their leader was.
Although the great leader was tired but he was satisfied with his performance Muslims of sub-continent were a small defeated group but due to his able leadership they got freedom and became the fifth largest nation in the world. In a speech at the eve of creation of
In March, 1940 Muslim League the representative party of the Muslims of India decided in
The Quaid-e-Azam took his idea to the people. He toured every part of sub-continent and addressed large gatherings. He also, laid the foundation of English Newspaper ‘Dawn’. In this way he won over the majority of people for creation of
Gandhi and Quaid-e-Azam met for three week of talks in last effort to reach an agreement for United Independent India but their talks failed. Jinnah told Gandhi that
Now Quaid-e-Azam’s age was over seventy, he was ill and tired. The last year of his life was made sad by the fate of