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Saturday, September 5, 2009

The Minstrel Boy (Questions and Answers)

Saturday, September 5, 2009 - 4 Comments

Q.1: What lines tell you that boy is brave?

Ans: Following lines tell us that the boy is brave.

(i) In the ranks of death you’ll find him.

(ii) One sword, at least, they rights shall guard.

(iii) But the foeman’s chain could not bring his proud soul under.

Q.2: What words tell you that he was wounded in the battle?

Ans: Following words tell us that he was wounded.

(i) The minstrel fell but foemen’s chain could not bring his proud soul under.

Q.3: Why did he destroy his harp?

Ans: He destroyed his harp, because he did not want his harp to sing in slavery.

The Khyber Pass (Questions and Answers)

Q.1: What is the Khyber Pass?

Ans: The Khyber Pass is the narrow mountain valley of about fifty kilometres. It connects Pakistan with Afghanistan.

Q.2: How long is it?

Ans: It is fifty kilometres long.

Q.3: Where do we go through this pass?

Ans: We go to Afghanistan and other countries beyond it through this pass.

Q.4: When did Aryans cross it?

Ans: Aryans crossed it about four thousand years ago.

Q.5: How many times did Mahmood Ghaznavi cross the Khyber Pass and why?

Ans: Sultan Mahmood Ghaznavi crossed the Khyber Pass seventeen times to attack South Asia.

Q.6: Has the Khyber Pass been used as trade route?

Ans: Yes the Khyber Pass has been used as trade route.

Q.7: What did camel caravans carry?

Ans: Camel caravans carried bales of cotton, silk and spices from India and China to Afghanistan and beyond. They brought mirrors, furs, skins and fruits from there for India and countries to the east.

Q.8: By what have the camel caravans been replaced?

Ans: The Camel caravans have been replaced by trains, Lories and trucks.

Q.9: Who lives in mountains of the Khyber Pass?

Ans: In the mountains of the Khyber Pass live the brave tribesmen of the frontier.

Q.10: Which is the highest place along the Pass?

Ans: The highest place along the pass is Landikotal.

Casabianca (Questions and Answers)

Q.1: Write short note on Casabianca?

Ans: Casabianca was the son of a commander of a warship. He was a dutiful and obedient boy. He was with his father on the battle ship in the battle of Nile. During the course of battle he was ordered by the father to take position on the deck of the ship. When enemy intensified the attack the ship caught fire. All the men left the ship in order to save the life but Casabianca did not move. He called his father if he might leave the position but did not receive the reply, because his father was killed. The flames of fire covered the ship and Casabianca died. He sacrificed his life for the sake of his duty; discipline ad obedience.

Q.2: What do you learn about the battle ship?

Ans: The battle ship was taking part in the battle of Nile. When enemy intensified the attack it caught fire. The flames of fire were covering every part of the ship. All the men fled to save their life except Casabianca an obedient and disciplined boy. Finally the flag of ship which was very high also burnt. Thus the ship was destroyed. The valuable thing which was destroyed there was Casabianca.

The Inheritors (Questions and Answers)

Q.1: What property did the two brothers inherit from their father?

Ans: The property that two brothers inherited from their father consists of a cow, a date palm tree and a blanket.

Q.2: What was the suggestion of Azam about the division of the property?

Ans: Azam suggested that they should divide the property verbally.

Q.3: Why did Moazzam agree to the division?

Ans: Moazzam was simple and trusting and he thought that it was fair division.

Q.4: Who fed the cow and who got the milk?

Ans: Moazzam fed the cow and Azam got the milk.

Q.5: Why did Azam not give dates to Moazzam?

Ans: Azam did not give dates to Moazzam because according to agreement upper part of the tree belonged to him.

Q.6: Was the blanket of any use to Moazzam?

Ans: During the day time it was hot, so the blanket was of no use for Moazzam.

Q.7: What did Moazzam do when Azam was milking the cow?

Ans: When Azam was milking the cow, Moazzam hit the head of cow with a short stick.

Q.8: What did Moazzam do when Azam began to pick the dates?

Ans: When Azam was picking the dates, Moazzam began to cut the trunk of the tree with an axe.

Q.9: What did Moazzam do to the blanket?

Ans: Moazzam made the blanket wet.

Q.10: What did Azam say to Moazzam about blanket?

Ans: Azam promised to share the blanket with Moazzam.

King Bruce and the Spider (Questions and Answers)

Q.1: What lesson did the King learn form the spider?

Ans: King Bruce learnt from the spider that we should not be disappointed on our failure in struggle. We should try again but not give up hope against odds.

An African Village (Questions and Answers)

Q.1: How many independent countries are there in Africa?

Ans: There are more than twenty five independent countries in Africa.

Q.2: Where is Nigeria?

Ans: Nigeria is in West Africa.

Q.3: What sort of country is it?

Ans: It is mainly an agricultural country.

Q.4: What is the bush area?

Ans: Bush area is made up of scattered trees with heavy under growth in the form of thick bushes and grass.

Q.5: Where do most Nigerian farmers live?

Ans: Most Nigerian farmers live in huts.

Q.6: What is the roof of a farmers hut made of?

Ans: The roof of a farmers hut is made of thick layer of straw, grass, reeds or palm – leaves.

Q.7: What is the centre of activities?

Ans: The courtyard of the house is centre of activities.

Q.8: What are their food crops?

Ans: Their food crops are plantains, potatoes, yams, ground nuts and pepper.

Q.9: What are their cash crops?

Ans: Their cash crops are oil – palm and cocoa trees.

Q.10: Who tends the food crops?

Ans: Women tend the food crops.

Q.11: Who tends the cash crops?

Ans: Men tend the cash crops.

Q.12: What is made from co-cocoa beans?

Ans: Chocolate is made from cocoa beans.

The Hand That Rocks the Cradle is the Hand that Rules the World (Questions and Answers)

Q.1: Why does the poet compare mothers’ hands to a rainbow?

Ans: Rainbow is a sign of peace. It is also a sign that storm has passed and trouble is over. The poet compares mother’s hands to a rainbow in the sense the mother’s hands possess all the characteristics of rainbow. The hands of mother protect children from the storms of pains and suffering. She brings about peace and prosperity in the lives of children.

Q.2: Describe the role of mother?

Ans: Mother looks after her child with love and care. She brings up child to be man of character and courage. She guides him to lead the right path. She tells him difference of good and evil.

Q.3: Explain how the poet gives credit for all great achievement of people to mothers?

Ans: The poet gives credit for all great achievements of people to mothers because she looks after them from infancy and trains them in the best way and then they achieve greatness in the world. All the great achievements are the result of mothers’ efforts.

Q.4: Why does the poet say that the prayer for mothers mingles with that said in the heavens?

Ans: Prayer for mother is said by all. Even the angles in heaven participate in the prayer said on earth. So both prayers are mingled with one another, because their aim and object is mine.

Shopping (Questions and Answers)

Q.1: Why did mother ask Najma and Ajmal to go with her shopping?

Ans: Mother asked Najma and Ajmal to go with her for shopping. Because their father was not at home, he was on tour, and it was beginning of the month. They had run out of groceries and provisions.

Q.2: How much fare did the taxi driver demand?

Ans: The taxi driver demanded twenty five rupees as fare.

Q.3: What did mother tell the taxi driver?

Ans: Mother told taxi driver that she would pay him fifteen rupees.

Q.4: Where did mother and children go first for shopping?

Ans: Mother and children went to the mutton market first for shopping.

Q.5: What is the difference between beef and mutton?

Ans: Beef is the meat of cows and calves, where as mutton is that of goats and sheep.

Q.6: What did mother buy at the butchers shop?

Ans: Mother bought one kilo of leg and one kilo of minced meat at the butchers shop.

Q.7: Where did mother go after making purchases at the butchers?

Ans: After making purchases at butchers mother went to the fruit and vegetable market.

Q.8: How did mother buy bananas and apples?

Ans: Mother bought bananas at the rate of fifteen rupees for ten and apples twenty rupees a kilo.

Q.9: What did mother buy last of all?

Ans: Mother bought two dozens of eggs and one kilo of dressed chicken last of all.

Q.10: How far is the market from the house of Najma and Ajmal?

Ans: Market is two kilometres from the house of Najma and Ajmal.

Q.11: What did mother ask the children to do when they had reached back home?

Ans: Mother asked Ajmal to polish his own and Najma’s shoes and Najma to iron the clothes.

Speak Gently (Questions and Answers)

Q.1: What does the poem “Speak Gently” tell you?

Ans: The poem “Speak Gently” tell us that we should always speak in mild and soft tone with other without distinctions of age, cast and creed.

Q.2: Which stanza of the poem does you like the best?

Ans: I like first stanza of the poem which tells us that if some wants to rule the world, he must do so by love not by fear.

A Village Fair (Questions and Answers)

Q.1: Why was village decorated?

Ans: The village was decorated because there was annual village fair.

Q.2: Why was it the best time to visit the village?

Ans: It was the best time to visit the village because the annual village fair was in full swing.

Q.3: What kinds of shops had been setup for the fair?

Ans: All kinds of shops from handkerchief to farming tools had been setup for the fair. Mostly these shops were temporary.

Q.4: What was the use of these shops for the villagers?

Ans: These shops were very useful for the villagers, because they bought and sold their articles there. They did their shopping at these shops.

Q.5: What were the different entertainments in the fair for the children?

Ans: The fair provided many entertainments to the children. There was monkey show, shows of conjurer, jugglers’ acrobats and rope dancers. There were also swings and merry-go-rounds.

Q.6: How did the juggler entertain people?

Ans: The juggler entertained people by juggling with seven balls at a time without dropping any of them.

Q.7: How did conjurer perform his tricks?

Ans: The conjurer took Bilal’s handkerchief tore it into pieces and then he returned it to Bilal undamaged.

Q.8: What is tent pegging?

Ans: Tent pegging is a popular sport. In this wooden pegs are fixed in the ground. Then players who ride horses make their horse run fast and try to pull pegs with their lances.

Q.9: What made dogs run in the dog race?

Ans: A rabbit made the dogs to run in the dog race.

Q.10: What was the special announcement?

Ans: The special announcement was about the horse race.

Beautiful Hands (Questions and Answers)

Q.1: In first stanza the poetess praises the hands for their spiritual beauty. What words or phrases tell us that they are not pretty in physical sense?

Ans: The words or phrases which tell us that they are not pretty in physical sense are as under.

(1) They are neither white nor small.

(2) They are scarcely fair at all.

(3) Wrinkled Hands.

Q.2: Why does the poetess praises the hands in second stanza?

Ans: The poetess praises the hands in the second Stanza because they kept on toiling in order to make children happy.

Q.3: In third stanza what does “these hands must folded be” mean?

Ans: “These hands must folded be” means that after death her mother would be buried in the grave with folded hands on breast.

Q.4: Who does the poetess praise in the poem?

Ans: The poetess praises the hands of her mother for their spiritual beauty.

Dignity of Work (Questions and Answers)

Q.1: Why did Akhtar not answer his mother?

Ans: Akhtar did not answer because he was feeling cross.

Q.2: What did Mr. Inayat tell the children?

Ans: Mr. Inayat told the children many interesting thing about his experience, gained by travelling many parts of the world.

Q.3: What reason did Akhtar gave his uncle for being cross?

Ans: Akhtar told his uncle that in school teacher made him to dust the cupboard and desks.

Q.4: What did the teacher do himself?

Ans: The teacher himself swept the classroom and emptied the dustbin.

Q.5: What did the Holy Prophet (Peace by upon him) love?

Ans: Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) loved doing work for himself and for others with his own hands.

Q.6: Were the companions of Holy Prophet like him?

Ans: The companions of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) were like him. They also loved doing work for themselves and for others with their own hands.

Q.7: What did Hazrat Abu Bakar do?

Ans: Hazrat Abu Bakar not only did his own work but also fetched water for widows and neighbours who were very old and had no one to work for them.

Q.8: What did Hazrat Fatima do?

Ans: Hazrat Fatima fetched water, ground corn and swept the house.

Q.9: How did Sultan Nasir-uddin earn his living?

Ans: Sultan Nasir-uddin earned his living by making caps.

Q.10: What does every one do in China?

Ans: In China, every one has to spend some time each year working in the fields or in a factory.

From a Railway Carriage (Questions and Answers)

Q.1: What does the poet seem from a railway carriage?

Ans: Poet sees various scenes and things from a railway carriage. He sees bridges, houses, ditches, hedges, meadows, horses, cattle, hills, a tramp, ladies making garlands, child collecting berries, a water mill and a cart with man and load.

Q.2: What pleasure does the railway journey give to the poet?

Ans: Railway journey gave to the poet the pleasure of fast travelling. He also enjoyed nature’s beauty during that journey.

King Faisal (Questions and Answers)

Q.1: When was King Faisal born?

Ans: King Faisal was born in 1907.

Q.2: From whom did he receive religious education?

Ans: He received religious education from his maternal grand father Sheikh Abdullah bin Abdul Latif.

Q.3: When was Faisal made the King?

Ans: Faisal was made the King in 1964.

Q.4: How did Faisal rule Saudi Arabia?

Ans: Faisal ruled Saudi Arabia wisely and justly.

Q.5: How did he develop his country?

Ans: He spent lot of money on the development of his country. New mills and factories were established. School, Universities and Hospitals were opened and new lands were brought under cultivation.

Q.6: What were the feelings of King Faisal about Pakistan?

Ans: King Faisal was true and sincere friend of people of Pakistan. He gave generous help to Pakistan on various occasions.

Q.7: Why was King Faisal against the state of Israel?

Ans: King Faisal was against the state of Israel because of its enmity towards the Arabs.

Q.8: What did Faisal do for the Arabs in their war against Israel?

Ans: King Faisal strengthened Arabs in their war against Israel.

Q.9: When was King Faisal died?

Ans: King Faisal died in an assault by his wicked nephew on 25th March 1975.

Q.10: How did the Muslims feel over his death?

Ans: Muslims all over the world mourned his death. His death was great loss of Muslim world.

A Visit (Questions and Answers)

Q.1: Why were Mr. Ahmed’s students excited?

Ans: Mr. Ahmed’s students were excited because the Head Master had allowed them a days outing and they were to go by school bus.

Q.2: What surprised the boys when the reached the model farm?

Ans: When the boys reached the model farm, they were surprised to see that farm was so large and interesting.

Q.3: What is the name of machine working in the wheat field?

Ans: The name of machine working in the wheat field is “Combine”.

Q.4: What doe a thresher do?

Ans: A thresher is used for separating the grain from the chaff.

Q.5: How are ploughing, seeding and harvesting done on the model form?

Ans: The process of ploughing, seeding and harvesting is done with machines on the model farm.

Q.6: How much work can one man do on the machine?

Ans: On the machine one man can do the work of hundred men.

Q.7: What is the average produce from an ordinary farm?

Ans: The average produce from an ordinary farm is 15 to 20 quintals of wheat per hectare.

Q.8: What is the produce per hectare on the model farm?

Ans: The produce per hectare on the model farm is 60 to 70 quintals of wheat.

Q.9: Why is there a difference in the output of two?

Ans: The difference in the output of two is due to the use of machines, better seeds, chemical fertilizers, plenty of water and spray of medicines on the crops.

Q.10: What do they do to kill germs and insects?

Ans: They spray insecticides to kill germs and insects.

Q.11: What do they grow on the model farm?

Ans: On the model farm they grow wheat, maize, cotton, sugar-can, gram, vegetables, mangoes and oranges.

Q.12: Why were the boys surprised on the vegetable farm?

Ans: On the vegetable farm the boys were surprised to see such vegetable growing there, which were out of season.

Profession (Questions and Answers)

Q.1: What does “Akhund” mean?

Ans: “Akhund” means a teacher.

Q.2: How does a teacher fulfil God’s command?

Ans: A teacher fulfils God’s command by reading God’s words written on the human heart of in the Holy Book or in Nature.

Q.3: What are the qualities of a teacher?

Ans: Following are the qualities of a teacher.

(a) He must love and appreciate his profession, and give preference to the welfare of students.

(b) He must have thirst for knowledge. He must be ready to learn from any and every one.

(c) He must try to incorporate truth, beauty and goodness in life.

(d) He must practise what he preaches.

Q.4: Why is fish important for us?

Ans: Fish is important for us because it is an important source of our food and it also provides an opportunity of job to million of people.

Q.5: What are different modes of fishing?

Ans: There are two modes of fishing. One is inland or fresh water fishing and second is sea or marine fishing.

Q.6: Why do people like fresh water fish?

Ans: People like fresh water fish, because it is tastier.

Q.7: Where is marine fishing done in Pakistan?

Ans: In Pakistan marine fishing is done in Arabian Sea along the coast.

Q.8: What are the dangers of marine fishing?

Ans: The dangers of marine fishing are rough weather and storms.

The Wise Caliph (Questions and Answers)

Q.1: What was Caliph Harron-ur-Rasheed known and respected for?

Ans: Harron-ur-Rasheed was a great Muslim Caliph. He was a wise and just ruler. He was known and respected for his justice and wisdom.

Q.2: Why did he go through the streets of Baghdad at night?

Ans: He was wise and just ruler; he wanted to know the actual problems of the people. Therefore he would go through the streets of Baghdad at night.

Q.3: What did Qazi say to the Caliph?

Ans: Qazi said to the caliph that he had brought a dispute which he could not settle. He was certain that with his knowledge and wisdom caliph would pronounce a just decision.

Q.4: What was the dispute between the rich man and the beggar?

Ans: The dispute between the rich man and the beggar was over the ownership of a beautiful white horse. Each one swore and claimed that horse was his.

Q.5: What did the rich man tell the Caliph?

Ans: The rich man told the Caliph, that as he was coming towards the city in the morning. On the way he met the lame fellow who requested him to give him a ride up to the city gate. He took pity on him and made him to sit behind him. When they reached the city gate beggar refused to get down and claimed that horse was his.

Q.6: What did beggar tell the Caliph?

Ans: The beggar took the oath before the Caliph and said that horse was his. He further told that early in the morning as he was coming to city on his horse, he met the rich man on the way. He stopped him and asked for lending horse. As he was stranger so instead of lending horse, he gave him riding up to the city gate. When they reached the city gate, the rich man ill treated him and claimed that horse was his.

Q.7: Why did beggar refused to get down the horse?

Ans: The beggar refused to get down the horse because he wanted to rob the rich man of his horse by making false claim.

Q.8: What did the horse do when the beggar touched it?

Ans: When the beggar touched the horse, it winced as if it did not like the touch of his hand.

Q.9: How did the horse feel when the rich man touched it?

Ans: When the rich man touched the horse, it expressed pleasure by snorting and neighing.

Q.10: What did the Caliph say to the beggar?

Ans; Caliph said to the beggar that he was liar and a wicked man. He deserved severe punishment, but he would be merciful and forgive him that time, if he begged forgiveness of the rich man.

The Vice of God (Questions and Answers)

Q.1: Why did author climb the steeple?

Ans: Author climbed the steeple, because he wanted to hear the voice of God.

Q.2: Why did God tell him to go down again?

Ans: God told him to go down again, because He (God) lives among the people.

Q.3: Say in your own words what you think is the message of this poem?

Ans: In my opinion the message of this poem is that God is every where. We can seek his pleasure by serving humanity. Because service to man is service to God.

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