Friday, September 4, 2009
In this poem poet shares his experience of his first railway journey. He has been amazed by the speed of the train. He says that speed of train is faster then the speed of fairies and witches. It runs so fast that the bridges, houses, rows of thorny plants and ditches pass by in a moment.
It goes forward as quickly as army soldiers attack the enemy in the battle field. The train runs through common grassy lands where horses and cattle are grazing. All the sights pass as quickly as drop of train follows another drop. Many colourful buildings of stations appear and disappear in a glance due to the speed of train.Poet sees a child climbing up steepy ground. He moves with difficulty and gathers black barriers. He also sees a homeless person looking at the train with amazement. He sees some ladies making garlands of daisies in a common grassy village land. In the middle of road there was cart with load. Due to heavy load it was moving awkwardly. The cart man was sitting on the load. He also sees a river and a floor mill. All these scenes appeared and disappeared in a very short moment.
Pathans of frontier region are brave and sturdy. They are strong and war like. They have fought against invader from thousands of years. They are proud of their fire arms. As power of a tribe depends on number of men so Pathans feel happy over the birth of son. They protect the refugee at the cost their lives. They show hospitality to their guests. Their favourite food is meat.
Baluchis lead very hard and simple life due to the extreme weather. They sit and sleep on floor. Water is hard to get. Baluchi marriages are also colourful. They sing and dance on lively beat of drums. Bride groom arranges food for all guests. Food is brought with barat. Women of Balochistan wear most of jewellery all the time.Civilization of Sindh is one of the oldest civilizations in the world. The Sindhi people are also religious by nature. Most of their festivals are religious. People from all over
A summary means to present original passage in precise from. A good summary is one third of the original passage. It must contain actual facts present in original passage.Five skills are needed to make a good summary. The first is generalising. By generalising we mean that one general word or phrase be given for long list of words. The second skill is to select main facts which are concerned with the subject of the passage. Title must be given to the passage. It would be helpful to select facts. Third skill of making a summary is to give one word substitute for several words. Fourth one is to change the passage from direct speech to indirect speech. Quotation must be given intact. Fifth is that we should avoid to give personal opinion. After observing these skills we are free to summarize the passage.
(A) Arranging a party:
It was Shahnaz’s birthday. She was very excited because she wanted to celebrate it in a befitting manner. Qaisera her best friend offered her services to make the party successful. They discussed about the menu and decided to serve Kababs, Samosas, Sandwiches, Fruitchat, Sweet Meat and Cake along with Tea.
They decorated the drawing room so that it presented a beautiful look. Then they went to kitchen where they made Fruitchat and Kababs and sandwiches. In the evening the father brought birthday cake that bore the name of Shahnaz with a wish for happy birthday.
They also made arrangement for the amusement of guests. Accordingly the planned indoor games such as “The parcel game”, “Treasure hunt” and music chairs.
The guests arrived. They were wearing gaudy dresses. Shahnaz cut the birthdays cake. All the guests offered her gifts and wishes when tea was over the interesting games started. All of them took part in the games and enjoyed the fun and laughter. Party came to an end in the evening. Shahnaz was very happy because it was a very good party and every body enjoyed it.
(B) Mending a Puncture:
Riding a bicycle is a joy when one is young. But suddenly that joy vanishes when cycle gets punctured. This emergency should not worry the rider if he is prepared for it. Bicycle is layed on the ground. Kit of mending puncture is taken out. The kit contains old bicycle tube, small scissors pair, a wrench, sand paper, a colour pencil and sticking solution. Some water in a shallow pot be filled and tyre is taken out of rim. After inflating tube it may be dipped in water. When punctured part would come under water small bubbles would appear in this way whole tube must be tested. Punctured space must be marked with colour pencil. After deflating tube be dried. The punctured spot are made rough with sand paper. Then a piece of old tube be taken and made rough with sand paper. After it sticking solution be applied on tube as well as piece of rubber. The piece of rubber be put on punctured part of tube. In this way puncture is mended.Mending puncture at cycle shop is different. A kind of half solid rubber solution is applied on the punctured part of the tube. It is heated at certain temperature for some time in a press like machine. The solution melts and sticks on the tube so that both are inseparable. This method is common nowadays.
Bilal and his friends made a trip to
Moazzam and Azam were two brothers. Their father was a farmer. Their mother died when they were very young. Their father also died leaving behind a cow, a date palm tree and a blanket. Azam the elder brother was greedy and clever while the Moazzam younger one was simple and trusting. Azam the elder brother cheated Moazzam by dividing property in a strange manner. He gave the front part of the cow to his brother and kept rear part for him-self. Like wise he kept the top of the tree for him self and gave the lower part to his brother Moazzam. Then he chose to keep the blanket during the night hours and gave it to Moazzam during the day time.Moazzam suffered very much at the hands of his brother. His brother got all the milk and the dates. His job was to feed the cow and water the tree. At last an old man felt pity for him and gave some practical suggestions to him. Accordingly, when Azam started milking the cow, he began to beat the front part of the cow. The cow moved here and there and Azam could not milk it. Seeing changed behaviour of younger brother Azam promised to give him half of the milk. One day when Azam climbed the date-palm tree for picking dates, Moazzam started cutting the trunk of the tree with an axe. When Azam asked for reason he replied that he was only cutting his part of the tree. Azam sensing the attitude of his brother also shared the dates with him. At night when Azam came to sleep under blanket it was wet. Seeing so Azam suggested that both would share the blanket during the night. This is how Moazzam taught a lesson to his greedy brother.
They cultivate food as well as cash crops food crops include plantains, potatoes, ground nuts and pepper. The cash crops consist of oil – palm and cocoa.
There are no cattle in
While Najma and Ajmal were having their breakfast mother asked them to be ready to go with her for shopping. Children were surprised to hear this, because they had never been to the market before. The Mother explained them that in the past all the purchases were made by their father. Now he was away from home and they had run short of groceries and other provisions. So she wants to make all purchases.They went to market in a taxi. They first visited mutton market. The mother explained the difference between beef and mutton. She told them that beef was the flesh of cows and calves while mutton was the flesh of goats and sheeps. She bought one kilo of leg and one kilo of minced meat there. After it they went to fruit and vegetable market and bought a kilo of tomatoes, five kilos of onions, two kilos of potatoes, one kilo each of cabbage, cauliflower, turnips, green peas and two kilos of spinach and five kilos of carrots. After buying vegetables they bought bananas and apples. After it came the turn of spices and groceries. They bought one kilo of salt, a quarter of red chillies, a quarter of black pepper and other spices. They bought two carrots of soap flakes, three bars of washing soap, four cakes of toilet soap, a kilo bag of ponidge a jar of honey, one bottle each of tomato sauce and vinegar and two packets of biscuits. At the end they bought one kilo of dressed chicken and two dozens of eggs and returned home. Children enjoyed the shopping very much.
Bilal lived in a city and during the summer vacation he decided to go some where, because he got tired of the city life. He decided to pay a visit to his cousin Zubair in the village. It was just by the chance that when Bilal reached the village annual fair was being held in the village. The village was decorated with buntings and colourful flags. He found many shops there, where many people were making shopping. There were so many events there, every one was enjoying the event according to his taste and age. Children were gathered around merry – go – rounds and swings. There was a drum competition also. They also saw a dog and bear fight. They saw a monkey show. A clever monkey was copying an angry husband it also played many other tricks to amuse the people.
The conjurers, jugglers and rope dancers showed their interesting tricks and people were delighted to see such tricks. Bilal then saw horse races, dog races, tent pegging and such other sports.
There were many other things to see but both friends felt tired and turned home ward.
One day Akhtar came late from the school and he was in angry mood. When mother enquired of him, he did not answer. At the lunch time his uncle Mr. Inayat came to visit them. At the enquiry of his uncle he explained that, social work week was being observed in his school and his teacher asked him to do inferior work. Mr. Inayat asked him whether their teacher did any work. He told him that his class teacher swept the class room and Head Master cleaned the bath room. Mr. Inayat told him that when his teacher had not felt insulted by doing inferior work, he should not have any cause for grumbling. Then he gave the example of the Holy Prophet (peace by upon him) who felt pride in doing work with his own blessed hands. He further told him that his companion were also like him. Hazrat Abu Bakar worked for widows and old neighbour. Hazrat Omar and Hazrat Ali did labour work. Hazrat Fatima did house hold work with own hands. Caliph Omar bin Abdul Aziz refused to hire a servant to help his wife.
Sultan Nasir-uddin earned his living by making caps and Emperor Aurangzeb by transcribing Holy Quran.
Their uncle also told them that in
Shah Faisal of
As he was true Muslim, so his strong desire was to unite Muslims of the world. He tried his best to achieve that goal. He was against the state of
King Faisal was sincere friend of
He was killed by his nephew on
Mr. Ahmed was a school teacher. His class was fond of going on picnic. Mr. Ahmed’s class felt very happy, when their Head Master granted them permission to visit any important place in school bus for one day.
Mr. Ahmed arranged the picnic to an agriculture Farm. Mr. Hassan the Manager of the Farm welcomed the boys at the gate and showed them around.
The boys were very much surprised to see such big Farm. It was wheat harvesting season and a big machine was working there. It was cutting the crop and making bundles of it. Thresher was separating grains from the chaff. The boys learnt from Mr. Hassan that ploughing, seeding, threshing and other such works are done by machines on the farm. By adopting that method of farming they get much produce in comparison to an ordinary farm. Beside the use of machines they use chemical fertilizer and provide tube well water to lands whole the year. They spray insecticides in order to protect the crop from harmful insects and diseases. He told them that they grow wheat, maize cotton, sugar can, grams, vegetables, oranges and mangoes. On vegetable farm boys were surprised to see growing there such vegetable which were out of season. They were informed that farm management intends to add dairy to it. They would be invited when dairy started working. Boys were of the view that visit was very informative for them.
(A) Teaching: Teaching is a noble profession. Teacher is the one who knows how to read God’s words, written in Holy book, or on human hearts or in nature.
The teacher must possess many important qualities. The first and most important quality of a teacher is that he must love and appreciate his profession. He must prefer the welfare of taught to his own. Another quality of a teacher is that he must have thirst for knowledge. He must be prepared to learn from each and every one, even younger and less gifted. A very important quality of a teacher is that he not only tries to know what is true, good and beautiful, but also seeks to incorporate them in life. He must practise what he preaches.
(B) Fishing: Fishing is an important occupation. Millions of people are engaged in this profession. The fisherman catches fish from the deep waters. They remain at the sea for days and weeks come back with large quantity of fish.
There are two modes of fishing, Inland or fresh water fishing and sea or marine fishing. Fresh water fish are caught from rivers, streams, canals, lakes and ponds. Fresh water fish is small but more tasty Marine fishing in
The Government of Pakistan is paying more attention to fishing industry. Loans are given to fisherman to buy bigger and better boats and nets of good quality. Weather stations have been built along the coast to inform the fishing boats of storms.We get several by products from fish, such as glue, manure and liver oil.
Caliph Haroon-ur-Rasheed was a wise Muslim king of
Caliph Haroon-ur-Rasheed asked the rich man for presenting facts. The rich man told him that, while he was riding to the city on the horse, the lame fellow made a request to him for lift up to the city gate. When they reached the city gate, the beggar refused to get down and claimed that horse was his.
Then the beggar told his story. He said that, as he was riding his horse to the city that morning, the rich man tried to borrow his horse. As he was stranger for him, so he could not lend him his horse, but gave him ride up to the city gate. On reaching the city gate rich man refused to get down and claimed that horse was his.
Caliph Haroon-ur-Rasheed asked both of them to touch the horse, one by one. At first the beggar touched the horse. On his touch it winced, the horse expressed its pleasure by neighing when the rich man touches it. The caliph gave his decision that horse belonged to rich man.
My Dear Father,
Some of my friends have planned a picnic to Moen-Jo-Daro the ancient civilization of the world on next Sunday. We had always been longing to see it. So, I want to join my friends on this trip. I am sure that trip will prove fruitful for me.
I hope that you will allow me to go on picnic to Moen-Jo-Daro.
With best regards,
Yours loving Son
X. Y. Z.
My Dear Friend,
You will surely be happy to learn that some friends of my class are going to Muree for three days visit. I am also going with them. You know I am very fond of taking photographs. Although I have my own camera but it is out of order. I have heard that there are so many charming scenes at Muree.
I want to capture those scenes and other happy moments of visit in the eye of camera. So please lend me your camera for some days. Dear I know it is very costly but I assure you of it’s safe and early return.
With best wishes
X. Y. Z.
My Dear Friend,
I am greatly grieved to hear the sad news of your mother’s death. The news came to me as a bolt from the blue. For a few seconds I was completely upset and could not believe that she had departed from this world. She was a very gentle, pious, affectionate and God-fearing lady. She had saintly qualities and sweet manners and was always ready to do well to others. She loved me as her son and took keen interest in my well-fare. Her death is such a loss that it can not be made good. You must be feeling this loss badly. Nothing but time alone can soother your sorrow. Have patience and bear this loss with courage. My all sympathies are with you.
May God grant peace to the departed soul?
X. Y. Z.
My Dear Uncle,
It was very kind of you to send me such a valuable present on my birthday. It is also very kind of you to remember that today is my birthday. This gift of yours will always remind me of your love.
Your choice of a wrist watch as a birth day present is simply amazing. I was badly in need of time keeper. I had no watch so far. I could not regulate my timings in studies, in taking rest or utilize my spare time without it. Now that I have got it, it will make me punctual and stand me in good stead during the examination days.
I have shown this pretty wrist watch to my friends and they have liked it very much. You must have spent a good amount to buy it. I shall take good care of it.
Thanking you once again.
X. Y. Z.
My Dear Friend,
I am OK here and hope that this letter will find you in best of your moods. As my mother is ill and I have to go to the doctor to bring medicines for her. Doctor’s clinic is long away from my house and my Bike is out of order. So I go there on foot. Would you be kind enough to lend me your Bike for one week? I will use it with great care.
Please hand it over to my brother the bearer of this letter.
Hoping to be obliged.
X. Y. Z.
My Dear Friend,
Surely you will be in a very happy mood as you have been declared pass in A-1 Grade at
Dear you know that this age is the age of competition. I mean you will have to go up and up to win the competition. So dear, work hard for your bright future.
Pay my compliments to your parents.
With best wishes,
X. Y. Z.