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Thursday, October 29, 2009

The Abbot of Canterbury (Summary)

Thursday, October 29, 2009 - 0 Comments

The Abbot of Canterbury was a rich bishop. He was leading a pompous life. He kept a better house as the King himself. He kept a large train of servants who waited upon him with velvet coats and gold chains. At that time the King John ruled over England. He was jealous of the Abbot of Canterbury and thought that he got his wealth by unfair means. He therefore wanted to punish him, so he called the Abbot and he charged him with treason. The Abbot pleaded not guilty and said that he was spending his own money. At this King put him three questions and declared that the Abbot would have to lose his life, if he failed to answer the questions. King gave him three weeks to answers these questions.

The Abbot was upset. He went to Oxford and Cambridge and to all the wise men of the land. But no one could tell him how to answer the questions. At last the Abbot’s shepherd who resembled him went before the King.

The King put following three question before him:

1. What was his (King’s) worth with his crown of gold?

2. How soon might he ride the whole world about?

3. What was he thinking?

To first question the shepherd replied that Jesus Christ was sold among the Jews for thirty pence, so his worth was only twenty nice pence. To the second question the shepherd replied that if he rode with the sun he would travel round the world in 24 hours. To the third question, he replied that he was thinking him Abbot of Canterbury but he was his poor shepherd and came to beg pardon for the Abbot and himself. King John was very happy at this jest and granted a pension of four nobles per week for the shepherd and pardoned the Abbot of Canterbury.

The character of a Happy Life (Summary)

In this poem poet describes the qualities of a happy life. That man is really happy who thinks and acts in a free manner. He always speaks truth and follows honesty through thick and thin. He is the master of his passion. His passions are completely under his control and he is never afraid of death. He has no cares and does not worry about what people say about him in private. He always acts according to the call of his conscience.

A happy man is not jealous of any body. He always follows the rules of a good life and hates flattery. He always prays to God for guidance and spends his time in reading a good book or in the company of good friend. He neither wishes to get a high office nor has his fear of his down fall. He leads a very simple and carefree life. Though he has no worldly wealth, yet he has all good qualities of a thorough gentleman.

Under the Green Wood Tree (Summary)

Lord Amiens praises the happy and peaceful life of the forest. He invites others to come and join him in the forest. He prefers forest life to the life of the court, because there are no human enemies in the forest. Winter and rough weather may be source of some trouble but such things are tolerable. One can certainly endure the cold weather in the forest, because they are not harmful like man.

Tuesday, October 27, 2009

Silence (Questions and Answers)

Tuesday, October 27, 2009 - 4 Comments

Q.1: Only one paragraph in the essay does not begin with a key sentence. Which is it?

Ans: Only the third paragraph does not begin with a key sentence.

Q.2: In not more than three sentences explain how one can tell that writer’s back ground is England?

Ans: We knew the writer’s back ground from the second paragraph in which he tells about two persons who were talking about their reminiscence of an English Academic Institution. Another hint is in last paragraph where he tells about the Armistice Day ceremonies in London.

Q.3: How can one tell that the essay was written between 1919 and 1939?

Ans: The writer tells about ‘Two minutes’ silence observed in connection with Armistice Day in commemoration of the cease fire after the First World War in 1918. The celebration of ceremony ceased with beginning of the Second World War in 1939. Since the first anniversary of the global war comes off in 1919, it may easily be concluded that this essay was written between 1919 and 1939.

Q.4: On what grounds does Robert Lynd defend conversation about weather?

Ans: Robert Lynd the author of this article defends conversation about the weather, on the grounds that a conversation must be based on mutual sympathy. A common note of sympathy is struck by talking about experience which is shared by both. Weather is one experience and so there is no reason. Why one should avoid marking in the topic of one’s talk.

Q.5: According to this essay, what kind of topic should be avoided in conversation among three peoples?

Ans: According to this essay such topics should be avoided in conversation among three peoples which are not found interesting to any one of them.

Q.6: What is one reason in the writer’s opinion for people’s fear of dark?

Ans: In writer’s opinion one reason for people’s fear to dark is fear of silence.

Q.7: If the paragraph beginning ‘For compete silence produces feelings of awe in us…’ had to be divided into two, where would you make the division?

Ans: If this paragraph had to be divided into two, I would begin the new paragraph with sentence ‘This is not said that we never enjoy awfulness of silence’.

Q.8: Explain the meaning of ‘moves’ in the sentence ‘The cathedral moves us most deeply in perfect stillness’.

Ans: Moves here means effects or arouses the feelings of.

Q.9: What is the purpose of ‘Two minute’s silence’?

Ans: The purpose of ‘Two minutes silence’ is to commemorate the large number of casualties of the First World War.

Q.10: The men and women had suddenly become statues. Is this literally true? If not what does it mean?

Ans: The phrase is not true literally. But it means here motion less.

The Hostile Witness (Questions and Answers)

Q.1: What was in the case that Charlton put in the cup board behind the reception desk?

Ans: The case that Charlton put in the cupboard behind the reception desk contained stolen weekly wages of workers of New Castle factory.

Q.2: What crime had been committed in New Castle that afternoon?

Ans: There had been a robbery with murder at New Castle that afternoon.

Q.3: Why did Detective-Sergeant Manning first speak rather coldly to group of men in the hotel lounge?

Ans: The Detective-Sergeant Manning first spoke rather coldly to the group of men in the hotel lounge because he thought the murderer was there.

Q.4: Briefly explain why Johnson, Carter and Abbott were suspicious of King even before the revolver found in his room?

Ans: Johnson, Carter and Abbott were suspicious of King because the description of the murderer announced by radio fitted him as was rather respectable looking person, he had medium size and he was reluctant to hand over keys to Manning. So they thought that he was real murderer.

Q.5: At what point in the play does the audience realize that Charlton is lying in order to throw suspicion on King?

Ans: The audience began to realize that Charlton is lying on order to throw suspicion on King, when King stated that he had picked up Charlton on the way.

Q.6: Why did Manning never believe that King was murderer?

Ans: Manning never believed that King was murderer because King had committed the crime he could have escaped in his car to west. He could not have reached the White Hart Hotel at the time when he had reached. By driving his car fast he could have got through from New Castle to Darlington before the police started checking.

Q.7: Briefly explain what was in Manning’s mind when he said ‘Your story really interests me Mr. King?

Ans: When Manning said that Mr. King’s story interested him in fact, he was quite sure that Charlton had committed murder.

Q.8: Why was Manning certain of Charlton’s guilt after peering closely into his face?

Ans: Manning was certain of Charlton’s guilt after peering closely into his face because he had been traces of artificial hair on Charlton’s upper lip.

Q.9: Why was Manning interested in the make and age of King’s car?

Ans: Manning was interested in the make and age of King’s car because he had learnt that the criminal had escaped in a sports car.

Q.10: Why did Charlton give away the place where the case was deposited for which he had committed murder?

Ans: Charlton gave away the place where the case had been deposited because he wanted to throw away suspicion on Mr. King.

Saturday, October 24, 2009

Science and Society (Questions and Answers)

Saturday, October 24, 2009 - 4 Comments

Q.1: What is difference between ‘objective thinking’ and ‘prejudiced thinking’?
Ans: ‘Objective thinking means aim oriented thinking. Reasoning scientifically is objective way of thinking. The prejudiced thinking does not allow reasoning but it follows the personal beliefs.
Q.2: Explain what is meant by the ‘university’ of science and mathematics?
Ans: If we give adequate professional training in the same field, two scientists observing the same physical phenomena are likely to reach the same conclusion about them, no matter what their race, religion or political creed is. In the same their instrument will give same reading. This fact is called university of science and mathematics.
Q.3: With what meaning is ‘values’ used in the above passage?
Ans: In the above passage the word ‘values’ has been used in the sense of moral principles.
Q.4: Define ‘altruisms’?
Ans: ‘Altruism’ means unselfishness. A person who follows the principals of altruism thinks about the happiness and well being of other first.
Q.5: What is meant by ‘the humanities’?
Ans: ‘The humanities’ means classical and literary studies. The term is used to denote such subjects which promote humanistic and moral values.
Q.6: In what period does the writer appear to place the beginning of modern science?
Ans: The writer appears to place the beginning of modern science in the seventeenth century.
Q.7: In one sentence state what three features in writer’s opinion are the most important characteristics of modern science?
Ans: In writer’s opinion the most important characteristics of modern science are objective reasoning, the invention of scientific instrument and effective use of mathematics.
Q.8: The writers mentions four contributions made by science to the welfare of society. What are they?
Ans: The four contributions made by science to the welfare of society are as under:
i) It has added enormously to the interest and comfort of modern living.
ii) It has been trying hard to diminish the social evils of poverty and disease.
iii) It has invented various instruments for observation and measurement.
iv) It has given people a scientific out look.
Q.9: What is unusual about the construction of the last sentence in the last but one paragraph?
Ans: It does not carry the verb. The construction has been used to clinch the argument.
Q.10: The writer concludes by affirming that education should contain three elements. What are they?Ans: Three elements of good education according to writer are education of modern science knowledge of human beliefs and training in religion and history.

Science and Scientists (Questions and Answers)

Q.1: What is meant by the phrase the man in the street?
Ans: The phrase “the man in the street” means a common man.
Q.2: What is meant by ‘jumping to conclusion’?
Ans: By jumping to conclusion is meant arriving quickly at result without testing the statement.
Q.3: What is the meaning of ‘object’ in the last sentence of the second paragraph? Give at least two other meaning with which the word can be used?
Ans: In this sentence the word ‘object’ means aim or purpose. Two other meaning of it are ‘a noun to which action is directed’ and it also means a thing.
Q.4: What is the meaning of ‘unambiguous’?
Ans: Unambiguous means clear.
Q.5: What is an experiment?
Ans: An experiment means observation of facts under controlled condition. We do so in order test a theory.
Q.6: In not more than three sentences explain why the man in the street considers chemistry to be science and art not be science?
Ans: The man in the street lightly knows that science deals with facts and not imagination. Chemistry experiments with physical facts, so he knows it to be science. Art is based on imagination so he feels that it is not a science.
Q.7: ‘I know that fat people are stupid because I have a cousin who is fat and he is very stupid’. Explain why these words reveal an unscientific out (look)?
Ans: Science makes experiments to find universal truth. It does not arrive to any conclusion with out sufficient evidence. The scientist does not let personal prejudices influence findings. Here conclusion is drawn from the observation made of only one person’s character. So it reveals an unscientific out look. The fact is that many fat persons are not stupid at all.
Q.8: ‘I’ve always believed that girls are less intelligent than boys. I don’t care what the result of intelligence tests show – I’m not going to change my mind’. Explain why these words reveal an unscientific out look?
Ans: A person with scientific attitude does not allow his personal prejudices to influence his judgment. But the statement is based on personal prejudices against girls. Hence it is clear that the statement reveals unscientific out look.
Q.9: Explain the difference between a fact of science and a law of science. If you are student of science give an example of each?
Ans: As science deals with such objects that we can see in our daily life. These are the facts of science and science is also is a collection of rules and laws which express connection between these facts. It is a fact that electrons revolve round the nucleus of an atom but became law when Rutherford stated that how they are revolving in orbits.
Q.10: How do scientists prove that their facts are correct?Ans: Scientists prove their facts to be true by making various experiments to test their truth.

The English Language (Questions and Answers)

Q.1: When was Anglo-Saxon spoken in England?
Ans: Anglo-Saxon was spoken in England from AD 450 to AD 1150.
Q.2: Why is Anglo-Saxon not like modern English?
Ans: The reason that Anglo-Saxon is not like modern English is that there were two more foreign invasions on British. The invaders were Norman from Denmark and Normans from Normandy in France. The result of these invasions was that old English was changed into Middle English.
Q.3: What happened to the language as a result of the Norman Conquest?
Ans: As a result of the Norman Conquest, the old English was greatly modified and was turned in the course of next three centuries in to a compound language called Middle English.
Q.4: Which countries form part of the British Isles?
Ans: England, Wales and Scotland form part of the British Isles.
Q.5: Which other languages are spoken in Britain to day?
Ans: Along with English Welsh is spoken in Wales and Gae lio in Scotland, Celtic dialect was spoken in South west corner of England two hundred years ago.
Q.6: Why is English not spoken as a first language in parts of Wales and Scotland?
Ans: English is not spoken as first language in parts of Wales and Scotland because the Anglo-Saxon after conquering England could not penetrate into remote parts of Britain. The result was that English language was never implanted in those parts.
Q.7: Why does language tend to change more rapidly in a primitive society than in an advanced one?
Ans: The reason that language tend to change more rapidly in primitive society than in advanced one is that in an advanced society the invention of printing and spread of education fix the traditional usage of words and phrases so speed of change is slow. But in primitive society that is not the case. Hence change takes place rapidly.
Q.8: What kinds of words in Modern English are derived from Anglo-Saxon?
Ans: Most of common words in English are Anglo-Saxon in origin, for instance nouns like father, mother, food, drink, bed hunger, all strong verbs, most of the prepositions and conjunctions.
Q.9: Why does English have such a large vocabulary?
Ans: English has such a large vocabulary because it has borrowed several words from different languages such as German, French, Latin and Greek. It has been rightly said that the majority of England vocabulary is of Latin origin. Similarly it has also derived some words from Arabic and Dutch.
Q.10: What is the origin of word Yacht?Ans: Yacht is a Dutch word which accounts for its uncommon spelling. The name is derived from a Dutch word for hunting, Yacht were so named for their speed. First Yacht was given by the Dutch King to King Charles II as a wedding gift in 1662.

Wednesday, October 21, 2009

By Car Across Europe (Questions and Answers)

Wednesday, October 21, 2009 - 3 Comments

Q.1: Why it is easy to reach the continent of Europe from England?

Ans: It is easy to reach the continent of Europe from England because after crossing English Channel one can see or do variety of things and it is also not expensive to cross it.

Q.2: How students often travel abroad?

Ans: Students often travel abroad by bicycle or on foot. Sometimes they ask motorists for a free lift.

Q.3: How did older people often travel abroad?

Ans: The older people often travel abroad by bus or train.

Q.4: What are the advantages of taking private cars?

Ans: There are lot of advantages of travelling by private cars, one can travel far and wide in search of enjoyment and novelty, see more with less inconvenience and one do not worry about catching buses and trains or finding porters and taxis.

Q.5: Why were Roger and Sheila going to Capri?

Ans: Roger and Sheila were going to Capri on sentimental pilgrimage. Because five years ago they had spent their honeymoon there and now they wanted to see the place again.

Q.6: What preparation did Roger make?

Ans: Before setting on their journey to Capri Roger obtained passport, traveller’s cheques and necessary documents for his car.

Q.7: How did they cross English Channel?

Ans: They crossed English Channel by a car-ferry.

Q.8: What happened on the board ship?

Ans: They had lunch on the board, Roger bought some tax free cigarettes and then they entered into conversation with other passengers about the route they intended to follow across Europe.

Q.9: What did they do when they left Dunkirk?

Ans: Whey they left Dunkirk they drove off the ferry into France and were very soon on their way to Belgium.

Q.10: Where did they go after Brussels?

Ans: After Brussels they went to the Luxembourg.

Q.11: Which route they take through Germany?

Ans: From Trier a famous village of Germany they reached Koblenz. From there they turned the south along the River Rhine all the way through black forest to the town of Basle on Swiss-German border.

Q.12: Why did Roger want to drive across Switzerland?

Ans: Roger wanted to drive across Switzerland because he wanted to enter Italy by Simplon pass on the way to Melon.

Q.13: How did they get from Basel to Venice?

Ans: From Basel they went East ward to Innsbruck in Austria and then over the Brenner pass to Venice.

Q.14: Why is Venice unique?

Ans: Venice is unique in the world because it has canals in place of roads and streets.

Q.15: What was their route from Venice to Naples?

Ans: From Venice they went to Naples by route of Florence and Rome.

The Wolves of Cernogratz (Questions and Answers)

Q.1: What did Conrad ask his sister?

Ans: Conrad asked his sister if any old legends were associated with the castle they had come to occupy.

Q.2: What did the Baroness think the legend was?

Ans: The Baroness thought that the legend was false and it was invented by the governess who wanted to show that she was important person.

Q.3: What was the real story?

Ans: The real story was that Wolves came from far and wide and used to howl when ever a member of the Cernogratz family was about to die.

Q.4: At what precise moment would a tree fall in the park?

Ans: As the soul of dyeing person left the body, a tree used to fall in the park.

Q.5: How did the governess know the real story?

Ans: The governess knew the story because she was a member of the Cernogratz family.

Q.6: Why were the Baron and Baroness angry with Amalie?

Ans: The Baron and the Baroness were angry with Amalie because they thought that she talked proudly and claimed to be descended from the original owners of the castle.

Q.7: When did governess fall ill?

Ans: The governess fell ill in the cold weather after the Christmas.

Q.8: What was the first sign of presence of wolves?

Ans: The first sign of presence of Wolves was that the small woolly dog leapt out from its cushion and crept shivering under the sofa.

Q.9: Why did the governess insist on having her window open?

Ans: The governess insisted on having the window of her room open because she wanted to hear death music of the Wolves before she dies.

Q.10: What was the rational explanation for these strange events?

Ans: The rational explanation for these strange events is that the castle was situated in the forest which abounded in Wolves. They could naturally come near the castle and howled. It was sheer confidence that they howled when the governess was about to die.

Letters (Questions and Answers)

Q.1: When did Mr. Qureshi arrive in London and where did he stay for the first six days?

Ans: Mr. Qureshi arrived in London on Monday February 3, 1992 and stayed for the first six days at Montrose Hotel, Montrose Square, London.

Q.2: About how long did Mr. Qureshi stay in Britain?

Ans: Mr. Qureshi stayed in Britain for about tow months.

Q.3: Briefly explain how Saleem and David came to write to each other?

Ans: During his stay in England Mr. Qureshi went to see his English friends the Browns. Their son David Brown was of the same age as Mr. Qureshi’s son Saleem Qureshi. David was keen to know about life in Pakistan and offered to exchange letters with Mr. Qureshi’s son. Mr. Qureshi wrote to Saleem advising him to accept the offer which would improve his English and that is how the two boys came to write to each other.

Q.4: From Saleems’ letter how many children does Mr. Qureshi appear to have?

Ans: From Saleem’s letter it appears that Mr. Qureshi had one daughter and two sons.

Q.5: Where did Saleem go to take part in congregational prayers on Eid-ul-Fiter? Who accompanied him?

Ans: Saleem went to polo ground in Karachi to take part in congregational prayers on Eid-ul-Fiter with his relatives.

Q.6: What are carols and when are they sung?

Ans: Carols are hymns of joy. They are sung at Christmas.

Q.7: Why do children in England hang up empty stockings by their beds on Christmas Eve?

Ans: Children in England hang up empty stockings by their beds on Christmas Eve in the hope that legendary figure Father Christmas, will fill the stocking with Christmas present while they are asleep.

Q.8: Would you expect to see snow if you were in London at Christmas? What sort of weather would you expect?

Ans: It rarely snows in Southern England before January. So I could not expect to see snow in London at Christmas. The weather would be very cold and gloomy.

Q.9: Does Easter always fall on same date? What is the season in Britain when it occurs?

Ans: No Easter done not always fall on the same date. It varies with the moon but always falls during the spring season.

Q.10: What made the Browns decide not to drive to the seaside on Easter Monday in 1992?

Ans: The Browns decided not to drive to the seaside on Easter Monday in 1992 because on the previous Easter they had a very tedious journey owing to traffic jams.

Sunday, October 18, 2009

Air Travel (Questions and Answers)

Sunday, October 18, 2009 - 3 Comments

Q.1: When, where and by whom was the first aerial journey made?

Ans: The first aerial journey was made over Paris by a French man, Pilatre de Rozier on October 15, 1783.

Q.2: What is the essential difference between an airship and an aeroplane?

Ans: The essential difference between an airship and an aeroplane is that an airship is lighter than air machine, while an aeroplane is heavier than air machine.

Q.3: Who invented the internal combustion engine? Why was this type of engine so important to the development of flight?

Ans: The internal combustion engine was invented in 1876 by a German named Otto. This type of engine transformed the world by making possible the development of the motor car and the aeroplane.

Q.4: Who was the first man to fly in an aeroplane? What was the date of his first flight and how long did it last?

Ans: The first man to fly in an aeroplane was an American Orville Wright. He flew on December 17, 1903. He stayed in the air for twelve seconds.

Q.5: What in brief are the respective functions of the reconnaissance aeroplane and the fighter?

Ans: A reconnaissance plane is built to survey the enemy territory while a fighter built to shoot dawn enemy bombers on its territory.

Q.6: How were the first bombing attacks on London made?

Ans: The first bombing attacks on London were made during World War I by a type of German airships called zeppelins.

Q.7: How did civil aviation benefit from rapid development of the bomber during the First World War?

Ans: Bombing attacks by airships turned the attention of Government and people to the development of fighter aircrafts, because anti aircraft guns had not proved very effective. This necessitated research into high speed and high altitude fights and led to the rapid development of aircraft manufacture.

Q.8: Why was it more difficult to fly from Europe to North American than from North America to Europe?

Ans: Flying across the Atlantic was more difficult from Europe to North America then from North America to Europe because on the west bound flight the aircraft had to make tremendous struggle against head winds and stood in danger of running out of fuel.

Q.9: Why was the use of airships for passengers transport abandoned?

Ans: The use of airships for passenger transport was abandoned in favour of air craft because they had proved to be very unreliable.

Q.10: What new means of propulsion had greatly increased the speed of airliner in recent year? What kind of radio device contributes to their safety?

Ans: Jet propulsion has greatly increased the speed of airliners in recent years. Radar is the wonderful radio device that contributes to their safety.

The Miracle of Radio (Questions and Answers)

Q.1: At what speed do wireless waves move? What other waves move at this speed?

Ans: The wireless waves move at the speed of 299792.5 Kilometres per second. The light waves also move at the same speed.

Q.2: Why were wireless waves once called Hertzian waves?

Ans: Wireless waves were once called Hertzian waves because Heinrich Hertz, the German scientist was the first person who discovered these waves.

Q.3: In what years were wireless signals first transmitted over the English Channel and the Atlantic Ocean? Who was responsible for these successful experiments?

Ans: The wireless signals were first transmitted over the English Channel in 1896 and across the Atlantic Ocean in 1901. Marconi was responsible for both of these successful experiments.

Q.4: What facts are given in the text about the first use of wireless to bring help to a ship in distress?

Ans: When the Liner Republic collided with another ship in Atlantic Ocean, wireless signals were, for the first time used to seek help.

Q.5: Could speech be transmitted in the early days of wireless signalling? If not how were messages transmitted?

Ans: No, speech could not be transmitted in the early days of wireless signalling. The Morse code was sued instead of speech.

Q.6: During what period did sound broadcasting became generally established?

Ans: Sound broad casting became generally established in 1920’s.

Q.7: In what way is television an advance upon sound broad-casting?

Ans: Television is an advance upon sound broadcasting since pictures and not just sound can be sent by it.

Q.8: Is television in colour possible? If so, why is it not in general use?

Ans: Television in colour has been made possible. It is not in general use because it is expensive.

Q.9: What is the function of Radar?

Ans: The function of Radar is to locate position of aircraft ship.

Q.10: What use can the astronomer make of radio?

Ans: The astronomer can now explore the vast universe by the use of radio telescope. It works by detecting radio waves sent by distant stars.

My Bank Account (Questions and Answers)

Q.1: According to author, what is the effect upon him of entering a bank to do business?

Ans: According to author when he enters a bank to do business, he gets frightened.

Q.2: Why did author decide to open an account?

Ans: The author decided to open an account with a bank because his salary had been raised to fifty six dollars a month and he felt that the bank was only place for it.

Q.3: What was the manager’s reaction when the author told him that he would like to see him alone?

Ans: When the author told the manager that he would like to see him alone the mangers looked at him with some anxiety. He felt that he had a terrible secret to tell.

Q.4: Why did manager looked relieved when he knew the purpose of author’s visit?

Ans: The manger looked relieved when author told him that he was not a detective but he wanted to open an account in his bank.

Q.5: What is the equivalent of fifty American dollars in Pakistan currency?

Ans: The equivalent of fifty American dollars in Pakistani currency is about 3000 rupees. The rate is Rs: 60 per dollar. It goes on changing time to time.

Q.6: What mistake did author make when he wrote the cheque?

Ans: When author wrote the cheque he wrote the figure of 56 instead of 6.

Q.7: Explain the meaning of Clerk’s question. How will you have it?

Ans: The Clerk wanted to know in what denomination of currency notes or coins, the author would like to cash the cheque.

Q.8: Why was there a roar of laughter when the author left the bank?

Ans: There was a roar of laughter when the author left the bank. Every one there had laughed at the fool that the author had made himself of by his funny behaviours.

Q.9: The author, Stephen Leacock was respected university teacher and a highly successful writer. Do you think this is a true story?

Ans: Keeping status of author Stephen Leacock in view I think that the story is not true.

Q.10: Why is it wiser to keep one’s money in a bank than to hoard it in one’s home?

Ans: It is wiser to keep one’s money in bank, rather than to hoard it in one’s home for a number of reasons. In bank it is safe from thieves and burgles, from one’s own temptation to spend and to keep it there for benefit of country.

Friday, October 16, 2009

The United Nations (Questions and Answers)

Friday, October 16, 2009 - 13 Comments

Q.1: When were the United Nations Organization founded and (briefly) what inspired its foundation?

Ans: The United Nations Organization was founded in April 1945. inspiration of its foundation was the desire of the people all over then world for peace because people all over the world were disgusted with miseries brought about by the second world war.

Q.2: How successful has the United Nations Organization been, so for in preventing local wars?

Ans: Preventing was is difficult. It is a part of high politics. The United Nations succeeded in a few cases in bringing peace where there was no peace. But in great many cases it has failed to prevent local wars.

Q.3: What part of the work of the United Nations appears, so far to have yielded the most promising results?

Ans: The work of the United Nations in solving social and economic problems has yielded the most promising results.

Q.4: What are the more important differences between the General Assembly and the Security Council?

Ans: The General Assembly consist of all members of the United Nations while the Security Council consists of fifteen members. Five of these are permanent members those are China, France, UK, Russia and the USA of the other ten three each year are elected by General Assembly for two year terms. The General Assembly elects its president for each session while Security Council works as its cabinet. The General Assembly members have no veto power while five permanent member of Security Council have veto power.

Q.5: What is the designation of the Chief Officer of the United Nations, for how long is he appointed and by whom is the appointed?

Ans: The designation of the Chief Officer of the United Nations is Secretary General. He is appointed for a period of five years and is elected by General Assembly with the approval of the Security Council.

Q.6: How large staffs are employed by the Secretariat and where does it work?

Ans: The UN Secretariat has staff of about 3500. They work at the head quarters of UN.

Q.7: What is the function of International Bank?

Ans: International Bank lends money to member nations for carrying though some work of public importance and usefulness.

Q.8: Who do the initials W H O stand for and what is the function of this organization?

Ans: The initials W H O stand for World Health Organization. W H O advises member countries on public health and on the control of diseases.

Q.9: What do the initials F A O stands for and what is the function of this organization?

Ans: The initials F A O stand for Food and Agriculture Organization. It advises member nations on the ways to enhance production in agriculture sector.

Q.10: What is the function of UNESCO?

Ans: The function of UNESCO is to advance education, science and culture in order to promote human welfare.

Q.11: Who do the initials of UNICEF stand for and what is the function of this organization?

Ans: The initials of UNICEF stand for United Nations International children’s Emergency Fund. It specializes in the relief of children.

Q.12: What were the conditions which obliged the people of the world to found U N O?

Ans: During second world war millions of people had been killed and wounded. The property worth of millions of pounds has been destroyed. Millions of people had been made homeless. Millions suffered from poverty, hunger and disease. That was the time when man wanted peace, good will and brother hood on the earth. These were the condition which obliged the people of the world to found U N O.

Brikenhead Drill (Questions and Answers)

Q.1: When and where did the Birkenhead sink?

Ans: The Birkenhead sank sixty four kilometres far from the coast of South African city of Cape town on February 25, 1951.

Q.2: What kind of people was being carried as passengers on the Brikenhead?

Ans: The Brikenhead was carrying soldiers and their families to South Africa. The soldiers were mostly young and in experienced.

Q.3: How did Brikenhead come to be wrecked? Were any members of crew to blame?

Ans: The Brikenhead ran into an under water rock and was wrecked on it. No member of crew was to blame for this disaster as the rock was not indicated on any map and none of them knew any thing about it.

Q.4: Why was there life boat accommodation for only 180 people after collision with toe rock?

Ans: Most of the life boats on the ship were damaged during the collision. Only three of them were left intact and they had capacity of sixty persons each. The total accommodation that came to 180 persons only.

Q.5: Was there enough room in the life boats for all the women and children on the board?

Ans: There was enough room in the life boats for all the women and children because they were 170 in all and there was capacity of 180 persons in life boats.

Q.6: What would probably have happened, had there been panic?

Ans: If there had been a panic, the women and children have been crushed under the feet of men in their bid to escape first.

Q.7: Describe the behaviour of the soldiers while the women and children escaped in the boats?

Ans: In the face of certain death of the soldiers showed an exemplary behaviour by maintaining full discipline, while the women and children escaped in the boats.

Q.8: Were many of men rescued who remained on the sinking ship? How did the survivors among those left on the ship manage to save themselves?

Ans: There were 630 persons on board out of these 170 were women and children. Thus the men numbered 460. Very few of them were picked up by the rescue ship. Only 24 men could be rescued.

Q.9: Describe one heroic action that took place after the Brikenhead went down?

Ans: The commander of the ship showed great heroism ever after the ship had sunk. He managed to cling to some piece of wreckage. But when he found that two young sailors were struggling for their life. He pushed the piece of wreckage towards them for the support. But when he found that it could not support all three of them, he let go his hold upon it and went down into sea.

Q.10: Were the troops on the board of the Brikenhead experienced and used to facing danger? How do we know that they behaved with gallantry and discipline up to very last?

Ans: The troops on the board of the Brikenhead were mostly young inexperienced. They were not used to facing danger. Nevertheless they were fully disciplined and behaved heroically. They faced certain death with perfect calmness. They sacrificed their lives in order to give weaker one a chance of life we have come to know their heroism through survivors.

Pakistan Zindabad (Questions and Answers)

Q.1: Who was the first Governor General of Pakistan?

Ans: Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was the first Governor General of Pakistan.

Q.2: Who was the last Viceroy of India?

Ans: Lord Mount batten was the last Viceroy of India.

Q.3: When and where was the “Pakistan Resolution” passed?

Ans: “Pakistan Resolution” was passed on 23rd March 1940 at Lahore.

Q.4: State briefly what the “Pakistan Resolution” decided?

Ans: “Pakistan Resolution” decided that India should be split into two nations Pakistan and India. It aimed at creating an independent Muslim state comprising those parts of the sub-continent, in which the Muslims were in majority.

Q.5: What were the provinces that voted to join Pakistan?

Ans: The provinces that voted to join Pakistan were Sindh, the North West Frontier Province, Balochistan, West Punjab, Sylhet and East Bengal.

Q.6: Why did Kashmir not join Pakistan?

Ans: Kashmir did not join Pakistan because its Hindu Ruler treacherously made over this Muslim state to India against the wishes of its inhabitants.

Q.7: How large was the population of Pakistan when it became independent?

Ans: When Pakistan became independent, its population was seventy million.

Q.8: How does Pakistan compare in size and population with the other nations of the world?

Ans: In the size of population Pakistan was the fifth largest nation of the world and biggest Muslim country of the world at the time of independence.

Q.9: Why does the writer apply word terrible to the first year of Pakistan’s history as an independent state?

Ans: The writer applies the word terrible to the first year of history of Pakistan as an independent state because of the large scale killing and destruction brought about by the partition. Half million Muslims were killed or taken prisoners. Six and half million had to leave India to seek refuge in the Pakistan from Indian atrocities.

Q.10: Where is the tomb of Quaid-e-Azam?

Ans: The tomb of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah is at Karachi in the heart of the city.

Q.11: Why and who call the congregation of Muslims leaguers in 1940 at Lahore “Pakistan Resolution”?

Ans: The Indian newspaper called the congregation of Muslim League in 1940 at Lahore “Pakistan Resolution”. Newspapers called it “Pakistan Resolution” because Choudhry Rahamt invented a word Pakistan for an Independent Muslim state in India. They thought that Muslim leagues Resolution for an independent state meant “Pakistan Resolution”.

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