Thursday, August 20, 2009

Causes of Un-Employment in Pakistan

Un-employment is major economic and social problem of our country. It is rural as well as urban. It is very serious and alarming and it has given birth to many evils. It is found not only among educated people, but there are millions of labours, peasants and unskilled or half skilled workers who are un-employment today. It demands its immediate remedy because it threatens the peace, prosperity and stability of free Pakistan.
There are many causes of this serious problem. The use of machinery on large scale in production is a very important cause. It has reduced the scope for human labour to a great eaten. Another cause is the enormous increase in population. It has been estimated that, population growth rate is 2.9% per year, which is one of the highest in the word. Population and production increase in geometrical and arithmetical progression respectively. Hence the means of employment cannot keep pace with growing population.
The defective system of education is also responsible for this serious problem. We attach great importance to literacy education. We neglect the technical education. This accounts for the growing unemployment. After finishing his education, our young men think it below his dignity to do physical labour. The desk jobs are insufficient to absorb the growing number of educated persons. Hence unemployment prevails in the country.
Now the remedies of unemployment are clear. We have to develop our economy on modern lines. Our agriculture is very backward. Incentive with modern technique and improved measures can provide ample and fruitful employment.
We have to apply brakes to growing population people are to thought the advantages of birth control.
We have to develop our cottage industries. They suit Pakistani conditions better. Our peasants who remain idle for six months during the year can add to their income by taking to some of these useful industries. Since there is scarity of capital we have to use such devices as involve more labour and less capital.
The system of our education is to be overhauled. It is no use producing thousands of graduates. We should lay more stren on professional and technical education. We should make the young men understand that all kinds of work are good. It is not the kind of work but the manner is which it is done which is important. As soon as they give up their hatred towards manual labour, they will get jobs.
Our government is full alive to the gravity of the problem. It is making an all out effort to solve it as speedily as it is possible. The National Planning Commission (N. P. C) has already formulated a programme to solve unemployment.

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