Friday, August 21, 2009

Educational Institutions, Their Aim and Functions

The aim of education is to provide equipment and technique for meeting various needs of life. educational institutes shape our attitude and prepare us for behaving in a certain manner in defined situation. Education supplies us instruments by which we can realize our social goals. These goals and values are defined by the system of education prevalent in a certain society. Hence education socializes an individual into a useful member of society.
Aims of Education:
There are three basic aims of education which were put up by Socrates in fifth century B.C. These views shaped the classic Greek view of knowledge and education:
1. Education is the development of the power to think and not the acquisition of information.
2. Education is a search for ‘virtue’ and truth rather than technical proficiency.
3. Education looks to lasting truth, based on reason, not to mere opinion or to practical knowledge.
Besides these aims John Dewey added that education is the reconstruction of experience.
These aims can be attained through educational institutions.
Functions of Education:
The following are the major functions of education in Pakistani society:
1. Cultural Transmission – The system of education transmits our cultural values to the next generation. During education the following three processes take place.
1. The teacher while teaching learns the socio-cultural norms himself. He himself is socialized first in the cultural ways of life.
2. While teaching he adds his own experiences in the knowledge what he received from his parents and teachers. He does not transmit the same without change. By adding his experiences he makes knowledge up-to-date and according to the requirements of society.
3. He, by transmitting the new knowledge, educates the younger generation and thus brings a social change.
It means teaching and transmitting change the teacher, the methods, the matter of education and those who receive education.
The ways of life of or ancestors are handed down to coming generations through education. The most important example in this case in the learning of science which is being transmitted to next generation with changes after research.
2. Social Integration – Education creates social organisation in society by harmonising the attitudes, ideas, habits, customs, emotions and sentiments of the people. It develops homogeneity by developing general laws of social life. different social groups are organised together on the cooperation of common principles found in education. In this way education integrates different groups of people into an organised unit.
3. Future Occupation – Education directs towards selection of future occupation. It is a guidance of social life. It provides methods to acquire information on various aspects of life. The individual by this information selects his profession as the most suitable for him.
4. Techniques of Learning Skills – Education enables man to learn the techniques of the profession he has adopted. Education provides facilities for one who wants to study medical, engineering or legal knowledge. It is a weapon by which an individual can gather the technical skills of his profession.
5. Socialization – Education itself is a process or socialization. It changes those who receive education. It develops personality traits among the students.
6. Rational Thinking – It makes man to think rationally. He can see the cause of an event and understand the situation clearly. It makes man an independent individual in society.
7. Personal Adjustment – By education an individual makes personal adjustment with the environment in which he lives. He can very easily adjust himself in the social group of his community.
8. Family Living – Education trains man how to live in family. He knows the status of the members of his family and fits himself with them by his roles. Marriage, marital roles, children and the roles of father all get into his knowledge and he lives a successful life.
9. Patriotism – Patriotism develops through education in the young generation. The children recognise themselves and their duties toward nation.
10. Character Building – The major function of education is to build character among the students. They learn the social and cultural values and become useful members of society. The character is morality which is transmitted through education.

1 comment:




  1. Mr. Richard Orson
    The US Ambassador in Pakistan, October 8, 2013
    Islamabad
    Re: DIPLOMACY & HUMILITY…
    Dear Mr. Ambassador,
    Although it is my first letter to you, but the note it conveys, I must submit, is not very happy.
    Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif’s visit to America and President Barack Obama’s refusal to meet him are some of the saddest events in the history of bilateral relations and diplomacy. It was not a disgrace for Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif alone but for the entire nation of Pakistan as a whole. Magnanimity and humility should have carved a different course.
    In the letter attached herewith, which has been written for the media, I have tried to depict the feelings with grace and humility without any rancor and recrimination.
    I will look forward to your comments and suggestions for the betterment.
    A copy of my journal “BOOKS & CULTURE” is being submitted to you for your review. The back page of the journal also contains a list of books I have written over the past years, also on subjects which might be of interest to you.
    Kind regards
    Dr.Iqbal S. Hussain.
    Editor: “BOOKS & CULTURE”
    Tel: 0092-55-3842583

    For publication

    An academy for humility

    Disgrace is the essence of PM Nawaz Sharif’s recent visit to America. President Barack Obama’s refusal to meet the Pakistani PM and grant him the courtesy even of a few minutes is a grave reminder of the history and culture which used to pervade in Alabama and several other states in America a few decades ago. It was a state of prejudices, discrimination and inhuman conditions. Thanks God the environments have changed and men and women can live without hatred and discrimination. No one else but Barack Obama himself should be aware of this. Apart from political expediency and personal dislikes apparent indicators of grace and humility should not be obviated.
    This reminds us of Martin Luther King who stood for these ideals and altered the prejudiced perceptions of Americans. For this reason we salute him and hope the values so dearly propounded by him would be preserved and applied in interaction and human relations. If President Obama ignores them, at least there are hundreds of thousands of other Americans who voted for him. In order to survive his legacy I wish I could establish an academy known as “MARTIN LUTHER ACADEMY OF DIPLOMACY AND HUMILITY” where lessons of grace and humility could be imparted.

    Iqbal S.Hussain
    Editor: “Books & Culture”
    Email: Dr.iqbalsyed50@gmail.com
    14-Krishanagar , Gujranwala, Pakistan
    Tel: 0092-55-3842583

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